4. Risk Exposure on Financial Instruments 4.1 Risk Organization 4.2 Strategy for the Use of Financial Instruments 4.3 Credit Risk About this Report Chairman's Foreword Corporate Management Report Appendices Governance Consolidated Financial Company Financial Statements Statements Rabobank Group manages risks at various levels within the organization. Atthe highest level,the Managing Board (underthe supervision of the Supervisory Board) determines the risk strategy it will pursue, the risk appetite, the policy framework as well as the limits.The Supervisory Board regularly assesses the risks attached to the activities and portfolio of Rabobank Group. The Chief Risk Officer, as Member of the Managing Board, is responsible for the risk management policy within Rabobank Group. Risk Appetite Identifying and managing risks for its organization is an ongoing process at Rabobank. For this purpose an integrated risk management strategy is applied. The risk management cycle includes determining risk appetite, preparing integrated risk analyses, and measuring and monitoring risk. Throughout this process Rabobank uses a risk strategy aimed at continuity and designed to protect profitability, maintain solid balance-sheet ratios and protect its identity and reputation. Rabobank's activities are inherently related to the use of financial instruments, including derivatives. As partofthe services it offers, Rabobanktakes deposits from customers at varying terms and at both fixed and variable interest rates. Rabobank attempts to earn interest income by investing these funds in high-value assets as well as by making loans to commercial and retail borrowers. Rabobank also aims to increase these margins through a portfolio approach of short-term funds at lower interest rates and the allocation to loans for longer periods at higher interest rates, maintaining sufficient cash resources in hand to meet obligations as they fall due. Rabobank improves its interest income by achieving interest margins after deduction of loan impairment allowances and by issuing loans with a variety of credit ratings and inherent risk profiles. Not only is Rabobank exposed to credit risk on the on- balance sheet loans, it is also exposed to credit risk on the off- balance sheet guarantees it provides, such as letters of credit, letters of performance and other guarantee documents. Credit risk is defined as the risk of the bank facing an economic loss because the bank's counterparties cannot fulfil their contractual obligations. Credit risk management within the bank is governed by the bank- wide central credit risk policy and further detailed in underlying specific credit risk standards and procedures. The primary responsibility for managing and monitoring credit risk lies with the business as the first line of defense. The business is required to identify, assess and manage, monitor and report potential weaknesses in the credit risk portfolios. Monitoring takes place on an ongoing basis to limit credit risk exposures to a level in line with the business line's risk appetite. In addition, risk in the credit portfolio is measured and monitored at bank-wide level and on entity level on a monthly basis and by quarterly and ad-hoc portfolio reporting and analysis, with specific attention to risk developments and concentrations. 4.3.1 Credit Risk Management Credit Acceptance Rabobank's prudentcreditacceptance policy is typified by careful assessment of customers and their ability to repay the loan that was issued (continuity perspective). As a result, the loan portfolio has an acceptable risk profile even in less than favorable economic circumstances. Rabobank aims to have long-term relationships with customers that are beneficial for both the client and the bank. An important starting point in acceptance policy for business loans is the 'know your customer' principle. This means that the bank only issues loans to business customers whose management Rabobank considers to be ethical and competent. In addition, Rabobank closely monitors developments in the business sectors in which its customers operate and can properly assess the financial performance of its customers. Corporate sustainability also means sustainable financing. Sustainability guidelines have been established for use in the credit process. Although credit is usually granted on the cash flow generating potential of the client or project, collateral will improve the position of the bank in case a client defaults. Collateral can be independent of the client's business and/or obtained from the client's business. Rabobank has outlined its policies for collateral valuation and management in the Global Standard Credit Risk Mitigation. Compliant to CRR 181 1 .(e) all (eligible) collateral is valued at market value or less than market value and the collateral value is monitored regularly. The collateral must be sufficiently liquid and its value over time should be sufficiently stable to provide appropriate credit protection. Within the Annual Report 2018 - Consolidated Financial Statements 151

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Annual Reports Rabobank | 2018 | | pagina 153