3. Solvency and Capital Management - - - - - About this Report Chairman's Foreword Corporate Management Report Appendices Governance Consolidated Financial Company Financial Statements Statements Rabobank aims to maintain a proper level of solvency. For this purpose a number of solvency ratios are utilized. The principal ratios are the common equity tier 1 ratio (CET1), the tier 1 ratio, the total capital ratio and the equity capital ratio. Rabobank uses its own internal objectives that extend beyond the minimum requirements of the supervisors. It takes market expectations and developments in legislation and regulations into account. Rabobank manages its solvency position based on policy documents. The solvency position and the objectives are periodically reviewed by the Risk Management Committee and the Asset Liability Committee of the Managing Board and the Supervisory Board. The 'Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR)'and 'Capital Requirements Directive IV (CRD IV)' together constitute the European implementation ofthe Basel Capital and Liquidity Accord of 2010. These rules, which became effective on 1 January 2014, are applied by Rabobank. Rabobank must comply with a number of minimum solvency positions as stipulated under law. The solvency position is determined on the basis of ratios. These ratios compare the qualifying capital (total capital ratio), the tier 1 capital (tier 1 ratio) and the core capital (common equity tier 1 ratio) with the total ofthe risk-adjusted assets. Effective 1 January 2014,the minimum required percentages are determined on the basis of CRD IV/CRR. The buffers below are applicable as from 2016. These buffers will gradually increase until the year 2019. Rabobank is already allowing for these changes in its capital planning. The table below shows the minimum buffers based on the planned final situation under CRD IV/CRR. Minimum Capital Buffer CET1 Tier 7 Total capital Pillar 1 requirement 4.5% 6.0% 8.0% Pillar 2 requirement 1.75% 1.75% 1.75% Capital conservation buffer 2016-2019 2.5% 2.5% 2.5% Systemic risk buffer 2016-2019 3.0% 3.0% 3.0% Total required (end-state) 11.75% 13.25% 15.25% The total required (end state) CET1 capital therefore amounts to 11.75%, (i.e. a minimum Pillar 1 requirement of 4.5%, a pillar 2 requirement of 1.75%), a capital conservation buffer of 2.5% and a systemic risk buffer of 3%, excluding the pillar 2 guidance. The required (end state) total capital amounts to 15.25%, (i.e. a minimum Pillar 1 requirement of 8%, a pillar 2 requirement of 1.75%), a capital conservation buffer of 2.5% and a systemic risk buffer of 3%. In addition to these ratios, there would be a countercyclical buffer of up to 2.5% which may be imposed bythe supervisor. Almost all supervisors have set their countercyclical buffer at 0% as perl January 2019. Risk-weighted assets are determined based on separate and distinct methods for each ofthe credit, operational and market risks. For credit risk purposes, the risk-weighted assets are determined in several ways dependent on the nature ofthe asset. For the majority of assets the risk weighting is determined by reference to internal ratings and a number of characteristics specific to the asset concerned. For off-balance sheet items the balance sheet equivalent is calculated firstly on the basis of internal conversion factors and the resulting equivalent amounts are then also assigned risk-weightings. For operational risk purposes, an Advanced Measurement Approach model is used to determine the amount of risk-weighted assets. In the market risk approach, the general market risk is hedged, as are the risks of open positions in foreign currencies, debt and equity instruments and commodities. The transitional CRR provisions have been reflected in the ratios set out below. Rabobank Croup's Ratios Amounts in millions of euros 2018 2017 Retained earnings 28,062 26,777 Expected dividends (46) (54) Rabobank Certificates 7,445 7,440 Part of non-controlling interests treated as qualifying capital 26 Reserves (798) (1,401) Deductions (2,553) (2,050) Transition guidance 12 525 Common Equity Tier 1 capital 32,122 31,263 Capital Securities 3,721 2,728 Grandfathered instruments 3,325 3,590 Non-controlling interests 6 Deductions (100) (88) Transition guidance (295) Tier 1 capital 39,068 37,204 Part of subordinated liabilities treated as qualifying capital 14,274 14,896 Non-controlling interests 7 Deductions (83) (89) Transition guidance (95) Qualifying capital 53,259 51,923 Risk-weighted assets 200,531 198,269 Common Equity Tier 1 ratio 16.0% 15.8% Tier 1 ratio 19.5% 18.8% Total capital ratio 26.6% 26.2% Equity capital ratio1 17.7% 17.3% 1 The equity/ capital ratio is calculated by comparing the items Retained earnings and Rabobank Certificates to the risk-weighted assets. Annual Report 2018 - Consolidated Financial Statements 149

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Annual Reports Rabobank | 2018 | | pagina 151