9.2 Non-trading interest rate risk Inhoudsopgave Bestuursverslag Corporate governance Equity volatility; Treasury spreads; Inflation related products; Tenor basis swap spreads; Bond - CDS spread. In each sensitivity stress scenario extreme shocks for one particular risk factor category are applied. These shocks generally represent up- and downward movements in the risk factors. A book's sensitivity is examined daily by applying all relevant sensitivity scenarios with an aim to report a maximum negative result as exposure under a trading control. The size of the shocks depends on, among other things: different asset classes, sectors, regions and liquidity horizons. Liquidity horizons vary between 10 and 120 days, depending on the type of asset and risk factor. The liquidity horizon provides an estimate of the amount of days it takes to liquidate a position in the market or replace a hedging position in times of stress. For less liquid treasuries, corporate bonds and products with optionality the horizon is longer. In addition to these sensitivity scenarios, Rabobank also uses real historical and hypothetical scenarios to gain insight into the impact of such scenarios on the profit or loss of the trading book. In these stress scenarios multiple risk factor categories are shocked at the same time. On 31 December 2015 the event risk amounted to 108 well within the set limit of 200. Event Risk is largely determined by the tenor basis swap position, which historically has its origin in client flow which related mainly to the hedging of Rabobank's residual mortgage portfolio. At this moment, it comes from non-client facing positions of a more strategic nature which are classified as permitted proprietary trading activities outside the United States under the Volcker Rule. Table 52: Event risk Event risk 2015-31 December 108 2015 - average 113 2015 - highest 132 2015 - lowest 99 Jaarrekening Rabobank Groep Jaarrekening Rabobank Interest Rate Delta The Interest Delta indicates how the value of positions changes if the relevant yield curve shows a parallel increase by 1 basis point.These positions are shown inTable 56 for each key currency in the Rabobank portfolio. Table 53: Interest Rate Delta Interest Rate Delta Euro (1.2) US dollar (0.4) British pound 0.1 Other 0.1 Total (1.4) Rabobank considers transforming amounts and maturities of money as a major source of earnings and economic value. Moreover, in meeting the needs of its clients it also offers options and products with embedded options. Due to these factors the bank is exposed to interest rate risk in the banking environment. Interest rate risk is defined as the exposure of the bank's financial condition to adverse movements in interest rates. Interest rate risk in the banking environment may arise from: 1. a maturity and repricing mismatch between assets and liabilities (mismatch risk); 2. interest rate related options embedded in products that might affect future cash flows (option risk); 3. possible changes in the shape of the yield curves (yield curve risk); and 4. changes in the relationship between various yield curves (basis risk). An important driver of interest rate risk in the banking environment is client behaviour.This factor even constitutes the most important distinguishing factor between interest rate risk in the banking environment and interest rate risk in the trading environment. Any risk run by clients due to the fact that their financial obligations increase as a result of movements in interest rates does not affect Rabobank's exposure to interest rate risk, but it may increase the bank's exposure to credit risk. 9.2.1 Non-trading interest rate risk framework Rabobank accepts a certain level of interest rate risk in the banking environment, because this can be a major source of earnings and economic value, but at the same time it seeks to avoid any material unexpected swings in earnings and 370 Rabobank Jaarverslag 2015

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Jaarverslagen Rabobank | 2015 | | pagina 371